Risks and the management of construction in the environment of nuclear facilities
Keywords:construction risk, risk analysis, nuclear power plant, geotechnical and building monitoring system
Everything in the world is about risk, from individual decisions to global manipulations, which is of fundamental importance in a nuclear power plant environment. The question is whether, in a given situation, this risk is acceptable or no longer acceptable. In some respects, the risk analysis applied to construction projects differs from the risk analysis applied to nuclear installations. For nuclear installations, the risk as such is nuclear risk. Primary safety is nuclear safety. Secondarily, we talk about other risks, for each of which it must be assessed whether there is an impact on nuclear safety. In view of this, for investments involving a nuclear installation, the risk analysis to be carried out must be carried out at two separate levels. In the case of civil engineering works in the immediate vicinity of a nuclear installation, it is particularly important to analyse the construction risks. The main problem for a nuclear installation is the unequal subsidence, which causes the building to tilt. The primary objective is to determine the value of the expected settlement, which forms the basis for an accurate determination of the risks. The first level is the traditional construction risk analysis, and then as a second level, each risk item should be classified from a nuclear risk point of view. In this paper, we present the nuclear exposure of construction risks and the possibility of mitigating these risks through a real-time monitoring system.
O. Cretu, R. B. Stewart, T. Berends, Risk Management for Design and Construction, June 2014. ISBN: 978-1-118-98401-7.
Sebestyén, Z., Tóth, T., A Revised Interpretation of Risk in Project Management, Periodica Polytechnica Social and Management Sciences, 2014, 22(2), pp. 119–128. https://doi.org/10.3311/PPso.7740
Baecher G. B., Christian J.T., Reliability and Statistics in Geotechnical Engineering, John Wiley & Sons Ltd., 2003, ISBN: 0-471-49833-5
Bassett R., A Guide to Field Instrumentation in Geotechnics, 2011, Spon Press, ISBN: 978-0-415-67537-6
Leroueil S., Locat J., Slope movements-Geotechnical characterization, risk assessment and mitigation, Geotechnical hazards, Proceedings of the with Danube – European Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Porec, Croatia, 25-29 May 1998, pp. 95-106, ISBN: 90 5410 957 2
Horvath T., Geotechnical Investigation and Risk Assessment at Budapest Metro Line 4, 1 st International Congress on Tunnels and Underground Structures in South – East Europe „USING UNDERGROUND SPACE” April 7-9, 2011, Croatia
IAEA, Guidelines for integrated risk assessment and management in large industrial areas, IAEA-TECDOC-994
Faber MH., Risk and safety in civil, environmental and geomatic engineering, Lecture notes, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, ETH Zurich, Switzerland, 2008.
R.V. Whitman, Evaluating calculated risk in geotechnical engineering, Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, 1984, 110, pp. 143–188. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9410(1984)110:2(143)
Briaud J-L, Failure has consequences, Geostrata Magazine, 2022, 24(1):18-20, https://doi.org/10.1061/geosek.0000047
Raul B. Rebak, Iron-chrome-aluminum alloy cladding for increasing safety in nuclear power plants, EPJ Nuclear Science Technology, 2017, 3, 34. https://doi.org/10.1051/epjn/2017029
Karolyi Gy., A nukleáris biztonsági követelmények építészeti és építőmérnöki vonatkozásai, BME, Web lecture, Budapest, Hungary, n. d.
IAEA, Assessment of Defence in Depth for Nuclear Power Plants, Safety Reports Series No. 46, Vienna, 2005, ISBN: 92-0-114004-5
Wan W., Nuclear Risk Reduction: A Framework for Analysis, Geneva, Switzerland, UNIDIR, 2019 https://doi.org/10.37559/WMD/19/NRR01
Köhler J., Risk and Safety in Engineering, Web lectures; Swiss Federal Institute of Technology. ETH Zurich, Switzerland, n.d.
Encardio-Rite, Application Note-Online Monitoring of Nuclear Power Plant [cited 2023-01-12] https://www.encardio.com/nuclear-power-plant
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Acta Technica Jaurinensis
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.