Vibration levels of stacked parcel packages in laboratory test environment. Over-tested or under-tested?
Keywords:random vibration, packaging, PSD, stacked unit, parcel delivery
Courier express parcel (CEP) shipments become one of the most important delivery methods in the Business-to-Consumer sales model. This paper observed and analyzed the vertical vibration levels that occur in stacked and unsecured parcels during express delivery versus the simulation in the laboratory. At the end, a detailed comparison is reported between the field and laboratory vibration levels (based on standard PSD test profile) in the frequency range of 1 – 200 Hz. For the measurement a three-layer stacked unit was used building from corrugated box samples. The result shows and analyzes the vibration levels in the stacked layers in comparison to the ISTA (International Safe Transport Association) vibration protocol where only a single parcel is required to be tested without any stacking configuration.
E. Mazarenau. Global size of the courier, express and parcel (CEP) market 2009-2019. Statista.com [cited 11-03-2021]. URL https://www.statista.com/statistics/723986/cep-market-total-revenue-worldwide/
P. Böröcz, B. Molnár, Measurement and Analysis of Vibration Levels in Stacked Small Package Shipments in Delivery Vans as a Function of Free Movement Space. Applied Science 10 (21) (2020) 7821. doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/app10217821
R. K. Brandenburg, J. J. Lee, Fundamentals of Packaging Dynamics. L.A.B. Equipment, Inc.: Itasca, USA, 2001.
P. Böröcz, S. P. Singh. Measurement and analysis of delivery van vibration levels to simulate package testing for parcel delivery in Hungary. Packaging Technology and Science 31 (5) (2018) pp. 1-11. doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/pts.2327
H. Zhou, Z. W. Wang. Measurement and analysis of vibration levels for express logistics transportation in South China. Packaging Technology and Science 31(10) (2018) pp. 1-14. doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/pts.2404
J. Stallings, J. Singh, SP. Singh. Measurement and Analysis of Vehicle Vibration for Parcel Delivery Vehicles in Single Parcel Shipments. Journal of Applied Packaging Research 4 (2010) pp. 75–82.
V. Chonhenchob, S. P. Singh, J. J. Singh, J. Stallings, G. Grewal, Measurement and analysis of vehicle vibration for delivering packages in small‐sized and medium‐sized trucks and automobiles. Packaging Technology and Science 25 (1) (2012) pp. 31-38. doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/pts.955
P. Böröcz, Vibration levels in vans as a function of payload and leaf spring sheet number. Journal of Testing and Evaluation 46 (1) (2017) pp. 236-243. doi: https://doi.org/10.1520/JTE20160538
P. Böröcz, Averaged vibration levels during courier parcel delivery service in small truck in Hungary. FME Transaction 46 (2) (2018) pp. 211–217. doi: https://doi.org/10.5937/fmet1802211B
M. A. Garcia‐Romeu‐Martinez, S. P. Singh, V. A. Cloquell‐Ballester, Measurement and analysis of vibration levels for truck transport in Spain as a function of payload, suspension and speed. Packaging Technology and Science 21 (8) (2008) pp. 439-451. doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/pts.798
P. Böröcz, Vibration and acceleration levels of multimodal container shipping physical environment. Packaging Technology and Science 32 (6) (2019) pp. 269-277. doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/pts.2434
P. Böröcz, Vibration Levels of Stacked Automotive Engine Rack in Truck Shipments as a Function of Vehicle Speed and Road Condition. Journal of Testing and Evaluation 49 (1) (2021) pp. 613-628. doi: https://doi.org/10.1520/JTE20180782
ISTA Procedure 3A. Packaged‐Products for Parcel Delivery System Shipments 70 kg (150 lb) or Less (Standard, Small, Flat or Elongated). East Lansing: International Safe Transit Association; 2006.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Acta Technica Jaurinensis
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.