Advantages and limitations of using foamed bitumen
Keywords:foamed bitumen, Foamed bitumen; warm mix asphalt; reclaimed asphalt pavement, reclaimed asphalt pavement
Foamed asphalt refers to a bituminous mixture of road-building aggregates and foamed bitumen, produced by a cold mix process. There are a lot of related issue that has not been sufficiently investigated so far. It is worthwhile to overview the main theoretical and practical results in the field in several countries including those of the authors of the paper. It is clear that the foamed asphalt is usually characterized by high quality and reasonable cost, can be used in cold road pavement rehabilitation, in addition to it the technique is environ-mentally friendly preserving natural resources. Using foamed bitumen reduces the emissions of carbon dioxide and gases resulting from combustion, especially when it is used as a cold rehabilitation binder and mixed with re-claimed asphalt pavement materials.
B. Bairgi. A. Rafiqul, Characterization of foaming attributes to binder tribo-logy and rheology to better understand the mechanistic behavior of foamed asphalt, International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology 1 (10) (2020). doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s42947-020-0283-x
L. Csanyi, Foamed asphalt in bituminous paving mixtures. Highway Research Board Bulletin 160 (1957) pp. 108-122.
Mobil Oil Australia, Foamed bitumen: A new development. Technical Bulle-tin (1971).
D. Sánchez, Effect of foaming technique and mixing temperature on the rheo-logical characteristics of fine RAP-foamed bitumen mixtures. Road Materials and Pavement Design, (21) (8) (2020) pp. 2143-2159.
S. Pitawala, A. Sounthararajah, J. Grenfell, Experimental characterisation of fatigue damage in foamed bitumen stabilised materials using dissipated ener-gy approach. Construction and Building Materials (216), (0) (2019) pp. 1-10.
D.E. Newcomb, E. Arambula et al., Properties of Foamed Asphalt for Warm Mix Asphalt Applications. NCHRP Report 807 Transportation Research Board, (2015) 126 p.
M. Corrigan, Warm mix asphalt technologies and research. Federal Highway Administration- FHWA. (2008). URL https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/pavement/asphalt/wma.cfm
S. Khosravifar, D. Goulias, Ch.W. Schwartz, Laboratory Evaluation of Foamed Asphalt Stabilized Base Materials, Geotechnical Special Publications, GeoCongress 2012 (2012). doi: https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784412121.164
D. Palha, P. Fonseca et al., Recycled asphalt mixtures with foamed bitumen: an alternative to build ecofriendly road pavements. AECEF2015 Proceedings, 8th Symposium, Universidade Porto – FEUP, 5/6 November 2015, (2015) 6 p.
A. Saleh, البحث بإمكانية تصميم الخلائط الإسفلتية باستخدام الإسفلت الرغو,, Tishreen University Journal, Engineering Sciences Series, (41), (2019) 3 p.
A. Woszuk, A. Zofka et al., Effect of zeolite properties on asphalt foaming, Construction and Building Materials 139, (2017) pp. 247-255.
Wirtgen, Wirtgen Cold Recycling Technology. Windhagen, 1st Ed. (2012) 22 p.
B.K. Bairgi, R.A. Tarefder, A Synthesis of Asphalt Foaming Parameters and Their Association in Foamed Binder and Mixture Characteristics, ASCE Proceedings, T&DI Pavement Conference, PA, USA, (2017) pp. 256-267.
S. Kumrawat, D. Vinay, Foamed Bitumen, International research journal of engineering and technology 5, (2018) pp. 401-404.
R. Bowering, C. Martin, Foamed bitumen production & application of mixes evaluation & performance of pavements. Proceedings of the Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists (AAPT) 45, (1976). 453–477.
PQ Corporation. Production, testing and compaction details. Advera WMA Warm mix asphalt, (2012) 33 p.
Z. Zhang, C. Cong et al.,. Application research on the performances of pave-ment structure with foamed asphalt cold recycling mixture. Construction and Building Materials 169, (2018) pp. 396-402.
K. Kuna, K. Airey, N. Thom, Mix design considerations of foamed bitumen mixtures with reclaimed asphalt pavement material, International Journal of Pavement Engineering 18 (10), (2017) pp. 902-915.
R. David, H. Allen, Foamed Asphalt Overview of Mix Design and Construction. American Engineering Testing (2013).
L. Gao, F. Ni et al., High-temperature performance of multilayer pavement with cold in-place recycling mixtures. Road Material and Pavement (15), (8), (2014) pp. 804–819.
A. Sharma, Energy savings and reduction of CO2 emission using Ca(OH)2. Incorporated zeolite as an additive for warm and hot mix asphalt production. Energy (2016). doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy. .03.085
C. Almeida, A. Benta, Economic and environmental impact study of warm mix asphalt compared to hot mix asphalt, Journal of Cleaner Productions (112), (4), (2016) pp. 2308–2317. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.10.077
A. Stimilli, G. Ferrotti, et al. Performance evaluation of cold recycled mixture containing high percentage of reclaimed asphalt. Road Materials and Pave- ment, 14, (2013) pp. 149–161.
A. Loizos, In-situ characterization of foamed bitumen treated layer mixes for heavy-duty pavements. International Journal of Pavement Engineering, 8, (2007) pp. 123–135.
CSIR, Foamed Asphalt Mixes– Mix Design and Procedure. South Africa: Contract Report, CR-98/077, (1998).
C. W. Schwartz, S. Khosravifar, Design and Evaluation of Foamed Asphalt Base Materials. Technical Report MD-13-SP909B4E, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, (2013) 86 p.
K.J.Jenkins, A.A.A. Molenaar, et al., Development in the uses of foamed bitumen in road pavements. HERON, (45), (3), 167-176. ISSN 0046-7316. (2000).
L.R. Laraogitharan, K. Somasundarasavaran, J.M. Ramaniyam, Rehabili-tation works in Queensland using foamed bituminous stabilisation, Inter-national Journal of Geomate, (8), (2), (2005) pp. 1308-1315.
C. Weston, A study into the mechanical properties of foamed bituminous stabilised materials. Dissertation, Peninsula Technikon. (2001).
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Acta Technica Jaurinensis
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.