Tutorial on the emergence of local substructure failures in the railway track structure and their renewal with existing and new methodologies
Keywords:substructure, local failure, protection layer, injection, concrete canvas
The construction and maintenance of a railway track is an expensive process. Therefore, nowadays, except for advanced countries, considerable attention must be paid to apply the optimal maintenance of railway lines. In Hungary, until 2020 nearly 11% of railway tracks were renewed and rehabilitated from EU support, which means millions of Euros, i.e. billions of Hungarian Forints. It also follows from the support that planned preventive maintenance works must be performed on the renewed and rehabilitated lines. On the other hand, it takes away significant costs from the non-renewed (non-rehabilitated) lines maintenance works, but naturally, less money does not mean less failures, so cost-effective technologies are needed. A segment of maintenance is the local substructure problem(s). In this article, this segment will be mentioned from the development of the failures, through the applied technologies, to the possible new solutions like injection and the using of geosynthetic cementitious composite mats (so called GCCMs).
MÁV, Railway construction and railway maintenance Vol. 1-2. Mezei, I., Horváth, F. (eds.), Magyar Államvasutak Rt., (1999), in Hungarian.
Sz. Fischer, B. Eller et al., Railway construction, Universitas-Győr Nonprofit Kft., Győr, 2015. URL https://www.researchgate.net/publication/282246421_Railway_construction
MÁV, D.11 Regulation: Design, construction, maintenance and renewing of railway substructures. Vol. 1., MÁV, Budapest, 2014, in Hungarian.
Sz. Fischer, Investigation of railway track geometry stabilization effects of geogrid layers under ballast bed PhD Thesis. Széchenyi István University, Győr, 2012, 148 p. in Hungarian. doi: https://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.1.4958.9921
D. Larsson, A Study of the Track Degradation Process Related to Changes in Railway Traffic. PhD Thesis, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, 2014. URL https://www.dissertations.se/dissertation/bec6dd1fd0/
A. Nurmikolu, P. Kolisoja, Extruded polystyrene (XPS) foam frost insulation boards in railway structures. 16th International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Osaka, 2005, pp. 1761–1764. doi: https://doi.org/10.3233/978-1-61499-656-9-1761
M. D. Roney, Heavy Hauling: A Worldwide Update and Highlights from IHHA2015. Heavy Haul Seminar WRI2016, 2016 URL https://www.wheel-rail-seminars.com/archives/2016/hh-papers/HH%2002%20Highlights%20of%20IHHA2015.pdf
D. Li, E. T. Selig, Evaluation of Railway Subgrade Problems. Transportation research Record 1489 (1995), pp. 17–25. URL http://onlinepubs.trb.org/Onlinepubs/trr/1995/1489/1489-003.pdf
B. Eller, Sz. Fischer, Review of the modern ballasted railway tracks’ substructure and further investigations, Nauka ta Progres Transportu 84 (6) (2019) pp. 72–85. doi: https://doi.org/10.15802/stp2019/195831
S. Kaewunruen, C. Chiengson, Railway track inspection and maintenance priorities due to dynamic coupling effects of dipped rails and differential track settlements. Engineering Failure Analysis 93 (2018), pp. 157–171. doi: 10.1016/j.engfailanal.2018.07.009
F. Horvát, E. Koch et al. Establishment of transitional sections between a bridge and railway track. Sínek Világa 60 (4-5) (2018). pp. 89–97, in Hungarian.
E. Koch, Geotechnical impact assessment of bridge construction schedule, Sínek Világa 61 (3) (2019) pp. 9–17, in Hungarian.
E. T. Selig, J. M. Waters, Track geotechnology and substructure management, Thomas Telford Publications, London, 1994.
B. Indraratna, W. Sahim et al., Advanced Rail Geotechnology – Ballasted Track, Professional book, Taylor & Francis Group, London, 2011.
E. T. Selig, D. D. Cantrell, Track Substructure Maintenace – From Theory to Practice. American Railway Engineering and Maintenance-of-Way Association Annual Conference, Chicago, Illinois, 2001
B. Indraratna, J. Chu et al., Ground Improvement Case Histories: Compaction, Butterworth-Heinemann, Grouting and Geosynthetics, Oxford, 2015.
B. Eller, Efficiency of the asphalt protection layer, cataloguing of its failures and technological suggestion for the renewing of the Dombóvár- Godisa railway track section, MSc Thesis, Széchenyi István University, 2016, in Hungarian
N. Waldhör, As you make your bed so you must lie on it, Innorail Magazin 2 (1) (2015) pp. 48–52, in Hungarian.
O. Szengofszky, How to terminate the velocity limits. Sínek Világa 56 (3) (2014) pp. 37–39, in Hungarian.
V. Sárik, Examination of railway under-sleeper pads, Scientific Student Work, University of Technology and Economics of Budapest, 2014, in Hungarian.
I. Simon, B. Eller, Mammals in the railway substructure, Sínek Világa 61 (2) (2019) pp. 25–28, in Hungarian.
MÁV, D.5 Regulation: Track maintenance, MÁV, Budapest, 2017, in Hungarian.
I. Zobory, Dynamics - measurement - qualification of the railway track-vehicle system, Közlekedéstudományi Szemle 65 (1) (2015) pp. 6–19, in Hungarian
Cs. Ágh, Modern methods of examining railway tracks, Military Technical Bulletin 29 (2019) pp. 219–230, in Hungarian. doi: https://doi.org/10.32562/mkk.2019.1.18
D. Krózser, Proposing the size limit of the standard deviation-based track geometry parameter, MSc Thesis, Széchenyi István University, 2019, in Hungarian.
J. Hugenschmidt, Railway track inspection using GPR. Journal of Applied Geophysics 43 (2-4) (2000) pp. 147–155. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0926-9851(99)00054-3
R. M. Narayanan, J. W. Jakub et al., Railroad track modulus estimation using ground penetrating radar measurements. NDT and E International 37 (2) (2004) pp. 141–151. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ndteint.2003.05.003
E. Gönczi, Application of radar detected geotextile in Hungarian. Sínek Világa 56 (3) (2014) pp. 21–24, in Hungarian.
DB, Ril. 836: Earthwork and special geotechnic structures, design, construction and maintenance (“Erdbauwerke und sonstige geotechnische Bauwerke planen, bauen und instand halten“), in German. URL https://dvlv.eu/interessante-links/db-dokumente/
Plasser & Theurer webpage [cited 2020-07-06]. URL https://www.plassertheurer.com/en/machines-systems/formation-rehabilitation-pm-1000-urm.html
S. Kaewunruen, Dynamic responses of railway bridge ends: A systems performance improvement by application of ballast glue/bond. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2014. URL http://works.bepress.com/sakdirat_kaewunruen/46/
J. Szabó, Investigation and analysis of the behavior of ballasted railway superstructure stabilized with bed gluing technology on static and dynamic loads. PhD Thesis. University of Technology and Economics of Budapest, 2011, in Hungarian. URL https://repozitorium.omikk.bme.hu/handle/10890/5597
J. Rose, P. Teixeira et al., International design practices, applications, and performances of asphalt/bituminous railway trackbeds, GeoRail 2011 International, Paris, 2011. URL https://web.engr.uky.edu/~jrose/papers/GeoRail%202011%20International.pdf
J. Rose, P. Teixeira et al., Utilization of asphalt/bituminous layers and coatings in railway trackbeds – a compendium of international applications, Joint Rail Conference, Urbana, Illinois, 2010 URL https://web.engr.uky.edu/~jrose/papers/JRC_2010_International.pdf
Y. Tan, Research on Application of Cement Mortar Pile in Reinforcing Soft Foundation of High-speed Railway, Journal of Railway Engineering Society 2010 (10) (2010). URL https://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTotal-TDGC201010006.htm
S. Li, The application of cement injection pile in soft soil foundation reinforcement of existing railway line, Shanxi Architecture 2007 (8) 2007. URL https://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTotal-JZSX200708071.htm
B. J. Warren, Field application of expanding rigid polyurethane stabilization of railway track substructure, MSc Thesis, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 2015. URL https://minds.wisconsin.edu/handle/1793/72861
A. Keene, J. M. Tinjum et al., Mechanical Properties of Polyurethane-Stabilized Ballast, Geotechnical Engineering Journal of the SEAGS & AGSSEA 45 (1) (2015) pp.67–73. URL https://www.researchgate.net/publication/273958170_Mechanical_Properties_of_Polyurethane-Stabilized_Ballast
T. Jirawattanasomkul, N. Kongwang et al., Finite element analysis of tensile and puncture behaviours of geosynthetic cementitious composite mat (GCCM). Composites Part B 154 (2018) pp. 33–42. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2019.02.037
P. Jongvivatsakul, T. Ramdit et al., Experimental investigation on mechanical properties of geosynthetic cementitious composite mat (GCCM). Construction and Building Materials 166 (2019) pp. 956–965. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2018.01.185
Concrete Canvas Ltd. [cited 2020-09-15]. URL https://www.concretecanvas.com
H. Li, H. Chen et al.,. Application design of concrete canvas (CC) in soil reinforced structure. Geotextiles and Geomembranes 44 (2016) pp.557–567. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geotexmem.2016.03.003
Trackway Trial: Melk, Austria (2011) Case Studies of CC. [cited 2020-06-15]. URL https://www.concretecanvas.com
B. Eller, Sz. Fischer, New possibilities of application of geosynthetic cementitious composite mats (GCCM) in railway substructure, Transport Science Conference, Győr, 2020, (accepted manuscript) in Hungarian. URL https://www.researchgate.net/publication/339366238_New_application_possibilities_of_geosynthetic_cementious_composite_mat_layers_for_railway_substructure_in_Hungarian_-_Betonpaplan_reteg_ujfajta_alkalmazasi_lehetosegei_a_vasuti_alepitmenyben
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2020 Acta Technica Jaurinensis
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.