Production of Used Engine Oils with Defined Degree of Degradation in a Large-scale Device
Correlation of Artificially Altered Oils with Field Samples
Lubricant degradation by additive depletion, contamination and build-up of degradation products deteriorates lubrication performance. It can be expected that engine oil degradation also has an impact on performance parameters. Engine development tends to higher power density, lower engine oil viscosity to optimize fuel efficiency, which heavily stress engine oils and thus demand increased oil performance. Correlations between engine oil degradation, friction and wear during an engine oil’s lifetime are a valuable asset in engine development towards performance, longevity and cost reduction. Here, physical-chemical and tribological properties of engine oils collected from passenger cars were determined. The results revealed the deterioration of friction (loss of fuel efficiency) and wear (increasing loss of material) depending on mileage. Defined used engine oils were produced by artificial alteration in a large-scale device and showed a very good correlation with the field samples.