Review of Finite Element Vehicle Interior Acoustic Simulations Including Porous Materials
Recent trends in vehicle engineering require manufacturers to develop products with highly refined noise, vibration and harshness levels. The use of trim elements, which can be described as Poroelastic materials (PEM), are key to achieve quiet interiors. Finite Element Methods (FEM) provide established solutions to simple acoustic problems. However, the inclusion of poroelastic materials, especially at higher frequencies, proves to be a difficult issue to overcome. The goal of this paper was to summarize the state-of-the-art solutions to acoustic challenges involving FEM-PEM simulation methods. This involves investigation of measurement and simulation campaigns both on industrial and fundamental academic research levels.