Historical Development and Special Building Structures of In-earth Embedded Houses

  • D. Bozsaky Széchenyi István University
Keywords: in-earth embedding, earth-sheltering, special building structures

Abstract

Earth houses have been traditional residential buildings for a long time and their three different types (in-hill house, cave dwelling and atrium house) were separated during the early history. Modern earth house architecture was born in the 1960s in the USA but spread only after the first oil price explosion in the 1970s. Earth-sheltered houses became popular nowadays because of their several benefits (environmentally friendly, economical, energy savings, landscape protection, fire protection). Unfortunately they have some disadvantages (negative prejudices, high building costs, special building constructions, complicated design and construction) this is why we can come across these houses very rarely. The well-designed orientation, insolation, ventilation, damp and thermal insulation is essential to have pleasant and comfortable atmosphere inside.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

D. Bozsaky, Széchenyi István University

Széchenyi István University

Faculty of Engineering Sciences

Department of Architecture and Building Construction

References

Al-Temeemi AA, Harris DJ: A guideline for assessing the suitability of earth-sheltered mass-housing in hot-arid climates. Energy and Buildings Vol. 36, No. 3, pp. 251-260, 2004.

Batár A: The Invisible Cave Dwellings (in Hungarian). Ab Ovo Publisher, 2005.

Bica S, Rosiu L, Radoslav R: What Characteristics Define Ecological Building Materials. 7th IASME/WSEAS International Conference on Heat Transfer, Thermal Engineering and Environment, Moscow (Russia), 20.08.2009-22.08.2009, pp. 159-164, 2009.

Bozsaky D: In-earth Embedded Residential Buildings (in Hungarian). Magyar Építőipar, Vol. 60, No. 3, pp. 109-115, 2010.

Braham W: Malcom Wells, 1926-2009, Williambraham.net – Ecology, Technology and Design, 06-12-2009

http://williambraham.net/?p=192 (downloaded: 19.10.2009)

Dám L: In-earth Embedded Residential Buildings in the Native Architecture of the Alföld (in Hungarian). A nyíregyházi Jósa András Múzeum évkönyve, 33-35 (1990-1992), Jósa András Múzeum, Nyíregyháza (H), pp. 133-151, 1993.

Fajszi B: Discovering Tunisia Independently (in Hungarian). Útikalauz.hu/Tunézia/Fajszi Bence: Önállóan felfedezni Tunéziát, 2004. szeptember.

http://www.utikalauz.hu/index.php?p=folap&id=868 (downloaded: 02.04.2010)

Hegedűs Zs: In-hill Houses in Bőny (in Hungarian). Magyar Építőművészet 4/2007.

http://magyarepitomuveszet.mm-art.hu/hu/paholy_design.php?lapszam=2007-4&id=859

(downloaded: 19.10.2009)

Mednyánszky M: Cave houses in Hungary (in Hungarian). Terc Kiadó, Budapest, 2009.

Niachou A, Papakonstantinou K, Santamouris M, Tsangrassoulis A, Mihalakakou G: Analysis of the earth-covering thermal properties and investigation of its energy performance. Energy and Buildings Vol. 33, No. 7, pp. 719-729, 2001.

Ortutay Gy (ed.): Cyclopaedia of Hungarian Ethnography Vol. 2 (in Hungarian). Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, 1979.

Ortutay Gy (ed.): Cyclopaedia of Hungarian Ethnography (in Hungarian). Akadémiai Kiadó, Vol. 4, Budapest, 1981.

Roy R: Earth-Sheltered Houses: How to Build an Affordable Underground Home. New Society Publishers, Gabriola Island (Canada), 2006.

Yong X: Inside the yellow earth. Beifan.com/China Postcards/Xu Yong: Inside of the Yellow earth, July 1996.

http://www.beifan.com/044postcards/page01.html (downloaded: 04.06.2011)

Anon: An introduction to earth sheltering. The British Earth Sheltering Association/An introduction to earth sheltering

http://www.besa-uk.org/intro.html (downloaded: 04.06.2011)

Anon: Building Earth Sheltered Homes. Earth Sheltered Homes – Residential, Commercial & Multi-Family Construction

http://www.earthshelteredhome.com/index.htm (downloaded: 02.04.2010)

Anon: Zsolt Hegedűs (in Hungarian). Élőépítészet.hu/Épületek/Építészek/Egyesülésen kívüli építészek

http://eloepiteszet.hu/hu/epuletek/epiteszek/egyesulesen-kivuli-epiteszek/hegedus-zsolt

(downloaded: 19.10.2009)

Anon: Hogan – The Navajo Dwelling, Max Bertola’s Southern Utah/Feature stories about southern Utah/Hogan – The Navajo Dwelling

http://www.so-utah.com/feature/hogan/homepage.html (downloaded: 04.06.2011)

Anon: Matera, Wikipedia – the free encyclopedia /Matera

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matera (downloaded: 19.10.2009)

Anon: Native American Shelters – Southwest, Minnesota State University/Emuseum/Prehistory/Settlements/Southwest

http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/prehistory/settlements/regions/southwest.html

(downloaded: 02.04.2010)

Anon: Free-formed Houses Under The Earth (in. Hungarian). Koos.hu/zöld/2007

http://koos.hu/2007/11/28/szabadformaju-szendvicshej/ (downloaded: 25.08.2014)

Anon: Orkney's Underground Earth-houses, Orkneyjar.com/History/Earth Houses

http://www.orkneyjar.com/history/earth-houses/ (downloaded: 19.10.2009)

Published
2015-04-30
How to Cite
Bozsaky, D. (2015) “Historical Development and Special Building Structures of In-earth Embedded Houses”, Acta Technica Jaurinensis, 8(2), pp. pp. 113-130. doi: 10.14513/actatechjaur.v8.n2.332.
Section
Architecture and Civile Engineering