Individual Test Rig for Measuring the Creep Behaviour of Corrugated Board for Packaging

V. Köstner, JB. Ressel, B. Sadlowsky, P. Böröcz



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14513/actatechjaur.v10.n2.445

Abstract


Corrugated board is one of the most important and most popular packaging materials worldwide for transporting goods. Due to its hygroscopic behavior, it has a tendency to creep when subjected to stress under a constant load, which can ultimately result in loss of strength, with possible damage to products. The creep behavior of corrugated board is still a largely under-researched area. This paper attempts to examine the long-term behavior of corrugated board during use more precisely than before, and presents the first step and results of the research process. For the measurement, a compact and high-precision individual test rig was developed and used, in order to reduce the side effect of coupled systems, that is, to avoid their mutual influence. This paper successfully presents results reproducible with the described test rig apparatus for determining the creep behavior of corrugated board. It will be continued to publish further results of the research in the near future.

Keywords


corrugated board; creep behaviour; packaging material

Full Text:

PDF

References


EUROSTAT, European Statistical Database 2013, Development of the share of main packaging material, http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php/File:Development_of_the_share_of_main_packaging_materials,_EU-27,_2005–13.png [accessed 11 Jan 2017]

Dimitrov K, Heydenrych M. Relationship between the ECT-strength of corrugated board and the compression strength of liner and fluting medium papers, Southern Forests 2009; 71 (3): 227-233. DOI:10.2989/SF.2009.71.3.7.919

Niskanen K. Mechanics of Paper Products. Berlin/Boston, Walter De Gruyter, 2012.

Twede D, Selke S. Cartons, Crates and Corrugated Board: Handbook of Paper and Wood Packaging Technology, DEStech Publications, Inc., 2005.

Whitsitt WJ, McKee RC. Effect of relative humidity and temperature on stacking performance. Project 2695-9, Summary Report to the Technical Division of the FKBI Inc., 1972.

Test Method TAPPI T804 (om-12): Compression test of fiberboard shipping containers, 2012.

ASTM D642 – 00: Standard Test Method for Determining Compressive Resistance of Shipping Containers, Components, and Unit Loads, 2010.

FEFCO TM 50, FEFCO Testing Method Determination of the Compression Resistance of corrugated fibreboard containers, 1997.

ISO 12048 - Complete, filled transport packages – Compression and stacking tests using a compression tester, 1994.

Hiller B. Predicting the long-term mechanical behaviour of corrugated cardboard packaging based on speed rate controlled short term tests. Proceedings of Progress in Paper Physics Seminar Conference, pp. 65-70. Darmstadt, 2016.

Sadlowsky B., Ressel J. B., Reimers W., Köstner V.: Vorhersagbarkeit des Leistungsvermögens von Schachteln aus Wellpappe (FEFCO 0201) mithilfe des ECT-Langzeitwertes. Holztechnologie (in English: Predictability of the Performance of Corrugated Boxes (FEFCO 0201) by using the long-term ECT-Value), Nr.55, S. 30-35, 2014.

Trost T., Alfthan J.: Standards for optimizing corrugated board packaging for exporting industry – A feasibility study. Innventia Report No.: 730, January 2016.

Aboure, Z, Talbi N, Allaoui S, and Benzeggagh M: Elastic behavior of corrugated cardboard: experiments and modelling. Composite Structures, Vol. 63, No. 1, pp. 53-62, 2004. DOI: 10.1016/S0263-8223(03)00131-4

Sek, M. A, Kirkpatrick J: Prediction of the cushioning properties of corrugated fibreboard from static and quasi-dynamic compression data. Packaging Technology and Science, Vol. 10, No. 2, pp. 87-94, 1997. DOI: 10.102/(SICI)1099-1522(199703/04)10:2<87::AID-PTS389>3.0.CO;2-L

Marcondes J. A: Effect of load history on the performance of corrugated fibreboard boxes. Packaging technology and science, Vol. 5, No. 4, pp. 179-187, 1992. DOI: 10.1002/pts.2770050403

Böröcz P. Measurement and Analysis of Deformation Shapes on Corrugated Cardboard Logistical Boxes under Static and Dynamic Compression, Acta Technica Jaurinensis 2015, (8)4, 320-329. DOI:10.14513/actatechjaur.v8.n4.389

Talbi N, Batti A, Ayad R, Guo Y. An analytical homogenization model for finite element modelling of corrugated cardboard. Composite Structures 2009, 88(2), 280-289, 2009. DOI:10.1016/j.compstruct.2008.04.008

Biancolini ME, Brutti C, Porziani S. Corrugated board containers design method. International Journal of Computational Materials Science and Surface Engineering 2010, 3(2), 143-163, 2010. DOI: 10.1155/2014/654012

Mojzes Á, Böröcz P. Decision Support Model to Select Cushioning Material for Dynamics Hazards During Transportation. Acta Technica Jaurinensis 2015, 8(2), 188-200. DOI:10.14513/actatechjaur.v8.n2.369

Böröcz P. Analysing the functions and expenses of logistics packaging systems. Proceedings of FIKUSZ 2009: Symposium for young researchers. Budapest, Hungary, 2009, Budapest Tech, 2009. pp. 29-39.

McKee R.C., Gander J.W., Wachuta J.R.: Compression strength formula for corrugated boxes. Paperboard Packaging 1963, 48 (8), 149-159.

Whitsitt, W. J.; Gander, J. W.; McKee, R. C.: Stacking behavior of boxes and corrugated board - A Summary Report of the Technical Division of the FKBI Inc., Project 1108-30, 12.04.1967

Whitsitt, W. J.; Gander, J. W.; McKee, R. C.: Effect of box dimensions and combined board creep life on box creep life - A Summary Report to the Technical Division of the FKBI Inc., Project 2695-2, 15.11.1968

Wagenführ A, Scholz F. Taschenbuch der Holztechnik (in English: Paperback of wood technology), Carl Hanser Verlag, München, 2008.




Acta Technica Jaurinensis

ISSN 1789-6932 (Print)
ISSN 2064-5228 (Online)

© Szechenyi Istvan University, Gyor, Hungary