Consideration on road transport vibration simulation techniques for packaging testing purposes

R. Pidl



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14513/actatechjaur.v10.n1.444

Abstract


Transportation is essential for many logistics systems and vibration is one of the most critic physical circumstances on road causing numerous possible damage sources. One of the primary sources of these damages is often the broadband random vibration. This effect cannot be handled with formal mechanical models; therefore, vibration test simulation is essential for packaging testing. The current vibration systems use Power Spectral Density (PSD) functions to control the intensity of random signal in laboratory based on Fast Fourier Transformation (FFT). Naturally, the PSD frequency does not contain time series data making it hard to determine how long a given simulation should be performed. In this paper, mathematical and probability methods are presented that can be used for representing real vibration circumstances.


Keywords


packaging; vibration; acceleration; PSD; simulation

Full Text:

PDF

References


Röbisch K: Transportsicherer profitieren 2014 von geringen Schadenquoten, IUMI-Konferenz, 2015 Berlin

Rouillard V, Sek M: Creating transport vibration simulation profiles from vehicle and road characteristics, Packaging Technology and Science 2013; Vol. 26, No. 2: pp. 82–95.

Harris C, Piersol A: Harris' shock and vibration handbook, (2001).

Böröcz P: Analysing the functions and expenses of logistics packaging systems, Proceedings of FIKUSZ 2009: Symposium for young researchers, Budapest, Hungary, 2009, pp. 29-39.

Charles D: Derivation of environment descriptions and test severities from measured road transportation data, Journal of the IES 1993; Vol. 36, No. 1, pp. 37–42.

Lepine J, Rouillard V, Sek M: Review on Road Vehicle Vibration Simulation for Packaging Testing Purposes, Packaging Technology and Science, 2015, DOI:10.1002/pts.2129, pp 672-682.

ASTM D999-08: Standard Test Methods for Vibration Testing of Shipping Containers, ASTM International: West Conshohocken, PA, 2008. DOI: 10.1520/D0999-08.

ASTM D3580-95: Test Methods for Vibration (Vertical Linear Motion) Test of Products, ASTM Standard: West Conshohocken, PA, 2010; 4. DOI: 10.1520/D3580-95R10.

IEC-60068-2-6: Environmental Testing – Part 2–6: Tests – Test Fc: Vibration (sinusoidal), International Electrotechnical Commission, 2007.

Barbosa RS: Vehicle Vibration Response Subjected to Longwave Measured Pavement Irregularity, Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Automation, 2012, pp 17-24.

ASTM D4169-12: Standard Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems, ASTM International: West Conshohocken, PA, 2016, DOI: 10.1520/D4169-16

MIL-STD-810 F: Environmental Test Methods and Engineering Guides. Department of Defense Test Method Standard, USA, 2000.

BS EN ISO 13355:2003: Packaging, Complete, Filled Transport Packages and Unit Loads. Vertical Random Vibration Test, BSI: London, UK, 2002; 16.

Böröcz P, Singh SP, Singh J: Evaluation of Distribution Environment in LTL Shipment between Central Europe and South Africa, Journal of Applied Packaging Research, Vol. 7, No. 2, 2015, Paper 3.

Shires D: On the time compression (test acceleration) of broadband random vibration tests, Packaging Technology and Science 2011; Vol. 24, No. 2., pp. 75–87.

Steinwolf A, Connon III WH: Limitations of the Fourier Transform for Describing Test Course Profiles, Sound and Vibration, 2005, pp. 12-17.

Dongarra J, Sullivan F, Guest Editors' Introduction: The Top 10 Algorithms, Computing in Science & Engineering, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 22-23, 2000, DOI:10.1109/MCISE.2000.814652

Böröcz P, Vastag Gy: Good Vibrations: Lessons from Packaging for the Global Supply Chain.", POMS 2015, 1318.

Böröcz P, Singh SP: Measurement and Analysis of Vibration Levels in Rail Transport in Central Europe, Packaging Technology and Science, 2016, Early View, DOI:10.1002/pts.2225

Hosoyama A, Saito K, Nakajima T: Effectiveness of Stationary Non-Gaussian Random Vibration Testing and its Influence on Packaging, Proceedings of 26th IAPRI Symposium on Packaging 2013, pp 86-97.




Acta Technica Jaurinensis

ISSN 1789-6932 (Print)
ISSN 2064-5228 (Online)

© Szechenyi Istvan University, Gyor, Hungary